Parts of a Sentence

There are eight main parts of a sentence: Nouns, Verbs, Pronouns, Adjectives, Adverbs, Prepositions, Conjunctions, and Interjections.

The following table provides a definition and example for each of the parts of a sentence.

Term

Definition

ExampleS

ADJECTIVE

 

Also see Article

An adjective modifies or describes a noun or pronoun.

 

Answers the questions

Which?

How many?

What kind?

great, small, pretty, white, brown

 

text book

five minutes

koala bear

 

ADVERB

An adverb modifies or describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.

 

Answers the questions

How?

When?

Where?

How much?

quickly, badly, well

 

 

slowly

tomorrow

there

too

 

ARTICLE

An article is a kind of adjective.

Definite

the

Indefinite

a, an

 

CONJUNCTION

A conjunction joins words or groups of words together.

and, or, but, either/or, neither/nor

 

INTERJECTION

An interjection is an exclamatory word that expresses emotion or shows surprise.

Oh, how pretty!

Ah! How wise!

Goodness! What a cute baby!

Wow! Look at that sunset!

 

NOUN

A noun is a word that names a person, a thing, a place or an idea.

school, garden, toy, swing

Common noun

boy, girl

Proper noun

John, Sydney Harbour Bridge

Singular noun

boy, girl

Plural noun

boys, girls

Singular Possessive

boy’s, girl’s

Plural Possessive

boys’, girls’

 

PREPOSITION

A preposition introduces a noun or pronoun or a phrase or clause functioning in the sentence as a noun.

A preposition never stands alone.

in or through a door

about, across, between, from, into, like, since, to, toward, under, until

 

PRONOUN

A pronoun is a word used in place of one or more nouns.  It may stand for a person, place, thing, or idea.

Personal

I, me, mine, you, your, yours, she, her, hers, it, its, we, us, our, ours, they, them, their, theirs, myself, yourself

Indefinite

anybody, each, either, none, someone, one

Demonstrative

this, that, these, those

Interrogative

who, whom, what, which, whose

 

VERB

A word that expresses an action i.e. tell of something being done. Every sentence must have a verb.

 

Action verbs express mental or physical action.

read, write, sing, jump, run

Linking verbs make a statement by connecting the subject with a word that describes or explains it.

 

 

-       related to the five senses.

 

look, sound, smell, feel, taste

-       verbs that reflect a state of being.

appear, seem, become, grow, turn, prove, remain