There are two types of quotation marks: single quotes (...) and double quotes (...).  Australian and UK usage prefers single quotation marks in normal text while American English usage prefers double quotation marks.  As a general rule the type of quotation mark used when quoting is opposite that used throughout the body of the text.  For the purpose of this exercise I will use double quote marks when quoting text.

General rules to follow when you quote a quotation:

1.    If the quotation is quoted verbatim (word for word):

·         double quotation marks (“...”) are placed at the beginning and the end of a short quotation.

·         a long quotation (e.g. a paragraph) should be indented in block form and fully justified without quotation marks.

Note: The text enclosed in quotation marks must be the exact words of the person or text being quoted.

2.    An ellipsis (...) indicates that some of the quotation has been omitted.

3.    [sic] is used to draw attention to an error within the quotation i.e. spelling mistake, inaccurate information, poor English etc.  This indicates to the reader that the mistake has been transcribed from the original quotation and not introduced by you.

4.    Words added to the quotation for clarification should be enclosed in square brackets [   ]. 

5.    If you want to emphasize part of a quotation, you can do so by placing that part in italics, but you must identify the change in a note at the end of the sentence [emphasis added] before the full stop/period.

6.    Quotations within the quotations should retain the original quotation marks.

7.    If the quotation is paraphrased you shouldn't use quotation marks.